Perinatal features of children with Silver-Russell syndrome due to 11p15 loss of methylation (Equipe Netchine)

April 04 - 2024

Diane Darneau, Eloïse Giabicani, Irène Netchine, Aurélie Pham

Front Pediatr. 2024 Apr 4;12:1367433

Background: A diagnosis of Silver–Russell syndrome (SRS), a rare imprinting disorder responsible for foetal growth restriction, is considered for patients presenting at least four criteria of the Netchine-Harbison clinical scoring system (NH-CSS). Certain items of the NH-CSS are not assessable until the age of 2 years. The objective was to determine perinatal characteristics of children with SRS to allow an early diagnosis.

Methods: We retrospectively compared the perinatal characteristics of children with SRS (n = 17) with those of newborns small for gestational age (SGA) due to placental insufficiency (PI) (n = 21).

Results: Children with SRS showed earlier and more severely altered foetal biometry than SGA newborns due to PI. Twenty-three percent of patients with SRS showed uterine artery Doppler anomalies. SRS children were significantly smaller at birth (birth length <-3 SDS in 77% of cases in the SRS group vs. 15% in the PI group, p = 0.0001).

Conclusion: The diagnosis of SRS must be evoked in the neonatal period for SGA newborns with a growth delay present from the second trimester of pregnancy, a birth length <-3 SDS and a relative macrocephaly. Doppler anomalies, classically used to orient the cause of SGA towards PI, did not rule out the diagnosis of SRS.

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